On the margins of the G-20 summit in Argentina in end-November, 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India and President Xi Jinping of China had an hour-long bilateral meeting. It was the fourth time they met in 2018, including an “informal” summit meeting in April in Wuhan in China. The year also saw bilateral visits at the level of Commerce, Defence and Foreign Ministers, joint military counter-terrorism exercises in India and a meeting of the Special Representatives on the boundary question, as well as the launch of a unique, high-level mechanism (at the level of Foreign Ministers) to intensify cultural and people-to-people relations.
Both leaders agreed on specific initiatives to enhance economic exchanges, noted a positive improvement in bilateral border management and welcomed India-China cooperation in training of Afghan diplomats as the first of such third country cooperation opportunities. It was stated that the personal equation that they developed in Wuhan facilitated strategic communication, and that they were optimistic that, while 2018 was a good year in bilateral relations, 2019 would be even better. All of this hinted at a new confidence and stability in India-China relations.